Patricia Finney

Sweetie, have you heard of a gas called carbon dioxide? Did you know that it stores energy in its molecular structure? So the more CO2 in the atmosphere the hotter it gets?

252 million years ago the Siberian flood basalt out gassed enough CO2 to take concentrations to 3000 ppm. A flood basalt produces a large amount of CO2. It's a different kind of volcano from the Hawaiian kind.

95% of all life, in the sea or on land, died.

It took 20 million years for the Earth to recover. For most of that time there were about 6 species around.

Let's not go back to that, eh?

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I don't believe in collective responsibility - otherwise as a British person I'd have to take responsibility for the British Empire and the slave trade. Which I don't want to do. What can I do about it now - I'm two hundred years too late?

However I do have to accept collective responsibility for the deliberate uselessness of the British Home Office minister Priti Patel . 17,000 Ukrainians want to come here because they have relatives living here. 50 visas have been issued so far. This is outrageous so I'm doing what I can to get the Home Office moving - signing things, donating to Ukraine. It's not much but it's something.

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Excellent analysis, Umair. Putin is smart and patient - a very dangerous combination. But all dictatorships have an Achilles heel that democracies have tamed - what do you do when the dictator dies? It can take 30 years for the civil wars over succession to peter out.

Meanwhile democracies have an election and it's sorted. This is why democracies are usually slow at first to understand a threat, but quite effective once they have.

You're right about the fragility of the money markets and the dirty money from Russia that underpins it. We're due a massive crash (it's about 5 years late in fact) and war in the Ukraine could bring it on. Which might be a good thing in the longterm.

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Patricia Finney

Patricia Finney

I've been a published author since the age of 18, back when dinosaurs roamed. I have a newsletter too.